Five ministries and commissions jointly launch driver training in key areas of road transport
A few days ago, the five departments, including the Ministry of Transport, the Ministry of Education, the Ministry of Finance, the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security, and the All-China Federation of Trade Unions, jointly issued and issued the "Notice on Carrying out Pilot Training Tests for Drivers in Key Areas of Road Transport." (Hereinafter referred to as the "Notice"), in Jiangsu, Zhejiang, and Yunnan provinces to deploy pilot road professional training in key areas of road transport.
Carry out pilot work test and test for drivers in key areas of road transportation, promote driver training tests for road passenger transportation and road dangerous goods transportation, and social training tests undertaken by driving training institutions to vocational schools (including technical colleges, the same below) The transformation of vocational training and examination undertaken is a specific action to implement the key rectification matters of the State Council's oversight, an important measure to implement the vocational skills improvement action plan (2019-2021), and a fundamental measure to ensure safe production in the road transportation industry. It is very important to solve the problems of low overall quality and insufficient structural quantity of current road transport drivers, strengthen road transport safety production management from the source, promote quality and efficiency upgrades of the road transport industry, and promote high-quality development of transport services. Meaning.
The first is to focus on key areas and explore new ways of vocational training. According to the idea of “focusing on the key points and classifying guidance”, focusing on the most prominent areas of the current road transport driver team, road passenger transportation and road dangerous goods transportation drivers that are directly related to road traffic safety will be targeted for professional training. Ensure that limited training resources are used on the blade, and establish a classified training system based on occupational categories and job safety risks.
The second is to promote order training and explore new ways of school-enterprise cooperation. Order training is the carrier of the two-way docking of production, education, supply and demand, strengthens the main responsibility of enterprises, and accurately solves the problems of "who are recruited by enterprises" and "where employees are employed". The "Notice" proposes an organization model that actively promotes order-based training, and flexibly adopts two pre-job vocational training and enterprise new apprenticeship training modes according to the quality requirements of employees in different positions. The pre-job vocational training is mainly for junior skilled personnel. Group, the company's new apprenticeship system is mainly targeted at the middle and high-skilled personnel groups, and effectively enhance the relevance and operability of professional training.
The third is to integrate examination resources and explore new ways of combining the two examinations. Examination is a "baton", and strict examination is a necessary condition for strict training. The "Notice" proposes to carry out assessments of road dangerous goods transportation application ability subjects, explore the implementation of unified examinations of basic knowledge subjects in pilot provinces, optimize the content and methods of qualification examinations and vocational skills evaluation, and explore the effective connection and integration of the two examinations. It is a major innovation of the current road transport qualification examination system. In particular, the promotion of the qualification examination and vocational skills assessment examination of the road transport industry, including the "two tests in one" and "one test and two certificates", is of great significance for reducing the systemic transaction costs of road transportation and improving the professional treatment of road transportation drivers.
The fourth is to carry out skills evaluation and explore new ways of career development. Carrying out vocational skills evaluation is a necessary way to promote professional development. The "Notice" proposes that trainees are encouraged to obtain relevant certificates through the professional skills evaluation of road passenger car drivers and road dangerous goods transporters; encourages road transport enterprises to develop differentiated salary distribution plans and career promotion systems, and to recruit and pay for positions In terms of career promotion, etc., it is inclined to high-skilled personnel who participated in vocational training and passed vocational skills evaluation, and effectively enhanced the sense of gain of employees who participated in vocational training and examinations. Through the design of this policy system, the content and attractiveness of the vocational training and examination policy will be further enhanced.
Fifth, improve support policies and explore new ways of diversified financing. In accordance with the method of "get a little for the enterprise, make up for the government, and make a little for the individual", establish a diversified fund-raising mechanism for enterprises, governments, and individuals. Among them, "the enterprise gets a little" refers to the enterprise's withdrawal and use of employees' education and training funds according to regulations; "the government makes up a little" refers to the government's actions in accordance with vocational skills promotion, new enterprise apprenticeship system, improved treatment of skilled workers, construction of training bases, etc. Relevant policies and regulations provide appropriate subsidies for vocational training exams; "Personalize a little" means that students participating in vocational training exams bear a certain amount of personal expenses, and explore ways such as credit payment to effectively reduce the financial burden of trainees.